The process of pregnancy and childbirth is extremely complicated and complications are common. About 1 or 2 babies in 1,000 suffer Erbs Palsy injuries at birth. The symptoms of Erbs Palsy injury include a limp or paralyzed arm and/or lack of muscle control in the arm or hand.
Erbs Palsy (Brachial Plexus and Shoulder Dystocia) is a condition that results from damage to the brachial plexus nerves. These are a series of nerves that travel from the spinal cord into the arm. The birth injury occurs when the delivering physician exerts excessive force on the baby's head and neck during a vaginal birth. Contact us if you and your baby have suffered.
Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy
Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy occurs when injury affects all five nerves in the brachial plexus. Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy results in paralysis and demonstrable sensory loss in the entire arm, from the shoulder down. In addition, Horner's Syndrome, which causes eyelid droop, undilated pupil, and dormancy of sweat glands in the cheek of the affected side of the body, often accompanies the injury. Torticollis, a condition that causes a baby to face toward his good or uninjured side and prevents a baby from being able to face forward for any length of time, also accompanies Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy.
Erb's Palsy represents the paralysis of a group of muscles of the shoulder and upper arm. It involves the cervical roots of the fifth and sixth spinal nerves. The arm hangs limp, the hand may rotate inward and normal movements are lost. The elbow is extended but flexion of the wrist and fingers is preserved with the palm potentially facing up. Erb's Palsy sufferers commonly cannot lift their arm above the head and have difficulty gripping with the affected hand.
Klumpke's Palsy involves the seventh cervical vertebra and the first thoracic vertebra (C7 and T-1). Often suffers of Klumpke's Palsy experience weakness of the wrist and finger flexors and of the small muscles of the hand. Klumpke's Palsy is the most rare of the brachial plexus injuries, though the term is sometimes loosely applied to cases of Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy. It is extremely rare to have a true/isolated Klumpke's Palsy situation.
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